Download The Solution of the Karelian Refugee Problem in Finland by Axel De Gadolin (auth.) PDF

By Axel De Gadolin (auth.)

Dr de Gadolin's research calls recognition to a rustic, a humans, and an issue approximately which generally a lot too little is understood outdoor Finland. To the level that it used to be attainable, the valiant and industrious Finnish humans have endeavored to beat the problems created by means of wars and the ensuing hard peace phrases. probably the most stupendous difficulties used to be that of the Finnish refugees evacuated from the Karelian isthmus, Salla, Petsamo, and the leased peninsula of Porkala. The misplaced territory, with a complete sector of 45,000 sq. kilometers, had very important business vegetation and site visitors networks, together with the extremely important Saima Canal, and big expanses of arable land and wooded area. a few 450,000 people, or 12 percentage of the complete inhabitants at the moment, needed to be resettled within the rest of Finland, really within the southern provinces. In his exact description of the way this hard challenge was once solved, whether on the price of a sharpened inflation, Dr de Gadolin strongly emphasizes the monetary and fiscal features. it really is lucky for Finland that, even though located in the Russian sphere of effect, it however belongs to the Swedish-Finnish impartial bloc, and hence used to be in a position to hold its fiscal kin with the West.

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S. se renouerent, tandis qu'elles cesserent avec l' Allemagne. Quand, en 1949, elle reprirent en depit d'une certaine opposition, elles donnerent lieu a une activite qui fut d' emblee tres importante. Pendant les six premiers mois de 1951 les importations provenant d' Allemagne occidentale s' eleverent a 8,9% du total des importations, au deuxieme rang derriere la Grande-Bretagne (21,3%). L' Allemagne a pris la quatrieme place parmi les etats importateurs de produits finlandais avec 6,2% du total contre 25,3% pour la Grande-Bretagne.

Percentage of Base Amount Paid Base Amount (thousands of Fmk) 100% 95 90 80 70 60 50 500 950 1,800 3,200 5,600 9,600 16,000 Percentage of Balance Paid 90 85 70 60 50 40 50 Under the 1942 law, claims were settled in the following manner: a) If the total loss was not larger than 20,000 Fmk, the whole claim was paid in cash. b) If the loss was more than 20,000 but not more than 500,000 Fmk, 10,000 Fmk was paid in cash and the balance in 4 percent state bonds, 15 percent of whose face value was redeemable in each of the first four following years, and 20 percent in 1947 and in 1948.

H. Informationen des Instituts fur Raumforschung, Godesberg: S. Palmer, "Die innere Kolonisation in Finnland", no. 39, 1951. I. L. Kather, Eingliederung der Evakuierten in Finnland' Bonn, 1951. J. Unpublished survey of the settlement work in Finland from 1900 to 1950, Ministry of Agriculture, Helsinki. ·. ,. I "'", " vn. P. Refugees in Western Europe Austria: 1. Refugees of non-German origin under the mandate of the High Commissioner e,g) 2. Refugees of German origin (Volksdeutsche and Reichsdeutsche) c) Total: ,.

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