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By Friedrich Edding

The learn by means of Dr Friedrich Edding is, so far as i will see, the 1st paper to regard the commercial aspect of the Refugee challenge in Western Germany in an neutral shape, exhibiting, at the foundation of latest figures, its optimistic in addition to its damaging point and impact. in any case it can be of a few use to underline - from the "bird's-eye view element" of Basle - a few of his conceptions and conclusions and to throw a few mild at the sociological historical past which makes this actual challenge the tough middle of the social and political state of affairs of Western Germany - and possibly of Western Europe to boot. to start with: it needs to be famous that this medical research helps neither the optimists nor the pessimists. The optimists are guaranteed to admit that the stimulus supplied by way of new manpower and entrepreneurial initiative is greater than counterbalanced via loss of capital and by way of the necessity for massive relief within the type of housing, outfits and cash for hundreds of thousands of refugees who're previous, unwell or for different purposes not able to paintings. The pessimists are sure to admit that the weight of nine million immigrants is an significantly stimulating problem to Western Germany and that this burden is partially counterbalanced by way of the hot enterprises, tools and methods which owe their starting place, software or improvement respectively to the Refugee marketers, cattle-breeders or seed-growers.

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Also because of tills situation they pay less in the way of taxes than the rest of the population, and the regular population must pay more for the general outlay which has been increased to cover the additional grants and services for the refugees. These conclusions follow logically from the generally known THE WEST GERMAN ECONOMY 27 facts about the extent of integration. To support them statistically is of course extraordinarily difficult. A short while ago, the Ministry of Finance of the West German Federal Republic made a far-reaching survey 1) of the dead economic weight 'Western Germany has to bear.

In the case of Western Germany this has so far not taken place. All private and public assets had to be shared somehow with the dispossessed newcomers. It is often overlooked that the 38 million persons living in Western Germany at the end of the war had to share immediately with the 9 million newcomers much of what they had managed to save from the war. This was not such a heavy loss in the private sector of the economy, except in the case of housing. In most cases, dwellings designed for one family had to shelter two.

This policy will continue to delay the process of German economic recovery, and in consequence will delay the assimilation of the refugees. Looking back over developments since 1945 it is astonishing to observe that the question of whether or not Western Germany could really make use of this gigantic increase in labor power did not come to the fore until to-day. It has been only recently in the IRO and ILO that the possibility of helping Western Germany through mass emigration has come up for attention.

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