By Marcel Van de Voorde, Matthias Werner, Hans-J?rg Fecht
Controlling the homes of fabrics through editing their composition and through manipulating the association of atoms and molecules is a dream that may be accomplished via nanotechnology. As one of many quickest constructing and leading edge -- in addition to well-funded -- fields in technology, nanotechnology has already considerably replaced the learn panorama in chemistry, fabrics technological know-how, and physics, with a variety of purposes in purchaser items, equivalent to sunscreens and water-repellent outfits. it's also due to this multidisciplinary box that flat panel monitors, hugely effective sun cells, and new organic imaging concepts became reality.
This moment, enlarged version has been totally up-to-date to deal with the swift development made inside this box in recent times. across the world famous specialists supply finished, first-hand info, leading to an outline of the complete nano-micro global. In so doing, they conceal facets of investment and commercialization, the manufacture and destiny purposes of nanomaterials, the basics of nanostructures resulting in macroscale gadgets in addition to the continued miniaturization towards the nanoscale area. alongside the best way, the authors clarify the consequences taking place on the nanoscale and the nanotechnological characterization suggestions. an extra subject at the function of nanotechnology in strength and mobility covers the problem of constructing fabrics and units, similar to electrodes and membrane fabrics for gasoline cells and catalysts for sustainable transportation. additionally new to this variation are the newest figures for investment, investments, and commercialization customers, in addition to fresh study courses and organizations.
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Additional info for The Nano-Micro Interface: Bridging the Micro and Nano Worlds
In detail, the aims are to: • Ensure the availability of micro- and nanoelectronics that are needed for the competitiveness of key industries in Europe. • Attract higher investment in advanced manufacturing in Europe and reinforce industrial competitiveness across the value chain from design to manufacturing. • Maintain leadership in equipment and material supply and in areas such as more than Moore and energy-eﬃcient components. • Build leadership in the design of chips in high growth markets, notably in the design of complex components.
Furthermore, in order to lower production costs, industry increases also step by step the size of the material support7) for producing micro- and nanoelectronics. Massive investments in R&D&I and CAPEX are required for such transitions in manufacturing standards. 2 Escalating R&D&I Costs and a More Competitive R&D&I Environment Further miniaturization implies escalating costs for R&D&I and CAPEX. The R&D&I intensity “of the micro- and nanoelectronics industry increased from 11% in 2000 to 17% in 2009” .
1 Towards a European Strategic Roadmap for Investment in the Field The aim is to attract higher public and private investments and channel these to implement a roadmap for leadership to be established by industry. The level of public and private investment will match the size of the challenge. 5 billion] per year, that is, a total budget of more than [€10 billion] over 7 years. To this end the Commission will pursue the dialogue with stakeholders and set up an Electronics Leaders Group to elaborate and help implement a European Industrial Strategic Roadmap that will build on Europe’s strengths and cover three complementary lines: • The development of the More than Moore technology track on wafer sizes of 200 and 300 mm.