Download The Linguistics Encyclopedia (2nd Edition) by Kirsten Malmkjaer PDF

By Kirsten Malmkjaer

The Linguistics Encyclopedia has been completely revised and up-to-date and a considerable new creation, which kinds a concise heritage of the sector, has been added.
The quantity deals finished assurance of the main and subsidiary fields of linguistic research. Entries are alphabetically prepared and generally cross-referenced, and contain feedback for additional analyzing.

New entries include:
Applied Linguistics; Cognitive Linguistics; Contrastive Linguistics; Cross-Linguistic learn; Forensic Linguistics; Stratificational Linguistics.

Recommissioned or considerably revised entries include:
Bilingualism and Multilingualism; Discourse; style research; Psycholinguistics; Language acquisition; Morphology; Articulatory Phonetics; Grammatical types and Theories; Stylistics; Sociolinguistics; severe Discourse Analysis.

For somebody with a tutorial or expert curiosity in language, The Linguistics Encyclopedia is an integral reference software.

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The Linguistics Encyclopedia (2nd Edition)

The Linguistics Encyclopedia has been completely revised and up-to-date and a considerable new advent, which kinds a concise background of the sphere, has been added.
The quantity deals accomplished insurance of the most important and subsidiary fields of linguistic learn. Entries are alphabetically prepared and largely cross-referenced, and contain feedback for additional analyzing.

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Recommissioned or considerably revised entries include:
Bilingualism and Multilingualism; Discourse; style research; Psycholinguistics; Language acquisition; Morphology; Articulatory Phonetics; Grammatical types and Theories; Stylistics; Sociolinguistics; serious Discourse Analysis.

For an individual with an instructional or specialist curiosity in language, The Linguistics Encyclopedia is an vital reference software.

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Additional info for The Linguistics Encyclopedia (2nd Edition)

Sample text

Try as we might by sharpening our pencils, it would be impossible to draw in all the components. It would be unnecessary also if we take the ‘roof ’ formed by the lines as the envelope of the Figure 4 A ‘decaying’ complex wave formed with a combination of 90 Hz, 100 Hz and 110 Hz component waves 4 Acoustic phonetics Figure 5 A line spectrum showing relative amplitudes and frequencies from 90, 91, 92 . . to 110 Hz of the component waves sound into two kinds, melody and noise, melody has regular, recurrent wave forms, while noise has irregular non-recurrent wave forms.

In an English sentence like The cat caught the mouse, for example, the cat and the mouse have the same form (noun phrases) – but different functions: The cat functions as the subject of the sentence and the mouse as the object of the verb. ‘Function’ can be extended to cover notional distinctions: the cat, being animate, functions as the agent of the catching, while the mouse is the one affected by the catching (functions as the ‘patient’). Functionalism is, however, even broader than this and it can be said to have had two godparents, both European: (i) the Linguistic Circle of Prague (1926–39), including Vilém Mathesius (1882–1945), Roman Jakobson (1896–1982) and Prince Nikolai S.

R. Firth in the 1940s and 1950s effected a new synthesis that combined the ‘micro’ traditions of English phonetics/phonology with the textual traditions of Malinowski and later also Prague, within Malinowski’s anthropological framework known as ‘the Introduction context of situation’ (see p. xxxix). K. Halliday it was forged into a powerful model that genuinely sought to establish a fertile union between form and function within a general theory of language in a social context (‘social semiotic’, to use Halliday’s phrase (1978)).

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