By Deborah Hurley, James H. Keller
The expansion of the web has been propelled in major half via person funding in infrastructure: pcs, inner wiring, and the relationship to the web supplier. This "bottom-up" funding minimizes the funding burden dealing with prone. New applied sciences reminiscent of instant and information transmission over energy traces, in addition to deregulation of telecommunications and electrical utilities, will supply new possibilities for consumer funding in clever infrastructure as leverage issues for web and broadband access.Recasting the "problem of the final a hundred toes" as "the chance of the 1st a hundred feet," this e-book demanding situations contributors, companies, and policymakers to reconsider primary matters in telecommunications coverage. The individuals examine innovations for net and broadband entry from the point of view of householders, condo complexes, and small companies. They review the possibilities and hindrances for bottom-up infrastructure improvement and the results for standard and replacement prone on the local, nearby, and nationwide degrees. Already, a few argue that web provider turns into the typical denominator platform on which all different companies may be carried.A book of the Harvard info Infrastructure venture.
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Additional resources for The First 100 Feet: Options for Internet and Broadband Access
What could be achieved? One result would be easy mobility and access across geographic locations in the same spectrum space. ), and may represent a highleverage area of investment. The ADSL and cable modems scenarios are compared across three technical and two business dimensions. Then the microcellular scenario is discussed, to show how the criteria may also be used to explore new alternatives. Table 1 summarizes this analysis, including FTTH, across the subset of criteria. Technical Analysis As the table shows, salient differences emerge across approaches when examining critical bandwidth steps and bandwidth symmetry.
Dozens of products have followed this pattern, including radios, black and white TVs, color TVs, and VCRs (see Table 1). The same pattern has occurred with many telecommunications services. 2 In 1997, the cost of basic telephone service in New York was $15 and the cost of a three-minute call between New York and Chicago was 45 cents. A new technology must attract some early users who are able and willing to pay a high price for it, in order to achieve the economies of scale in manufacturing that reduce the price for the general public.
Households. First, many technologies failed because they offered a superficial benefit. For example, quadraphonic sound, or four-channel sound, did not represent an advance in technology for the consumer market. Rather, it introduced an application of existing industrial technology (multitrack recording and playback) that provided a genuine industrial benefit (control of editing) into a home market where no benefit could be demonstrated. In addition, little software was developed for the new system, thus further reducing its appeal to consumers.