By Kerim Yildiz
The ecu accession technique will form Turkey's destiny and, specifically, its capability to turn into a pluralist, democratic kingdom with appreciate for foreign human rights. during this well timed survey Kerim Yildiz and Mark Muller clarify and examine the method of accession focusing totally on those linked human rights duties and the level in their implementation in Turkey.The ecu Union and Turkish Accession addresses the range of teams in Turkey who're tormented by those negotiations and info the historical past of the Kurdish humans - the biggest minority staff in Turkey - and their dating to the Turkish republic.This booklet is vital for college kids learning european growth, rather the human rights matters round the Turkish Accession, and people drawn to the continuing fight of the Kurds.
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Extra info for The European Union and Turkish Accession: Human Rights and the Kurds
The new 1982 Turkish Constitution rescinded what limited liberal developments had been incorporated into the 1961 constitution, and was based fundamentally on the notion of military control. 40 The ensuing armed conflict fought by the Turkish state against the PKK, which had come to prominence in the early 1980s in response to the widespread and systematic oppression of the Kurds and a concomitant rise in Kurdish ethnic awareness, lasted 15 years and resulted in the deaths of around 37,000 people, mostly Kurds.
Turkey has historically played a key role in European defence policy and stands at the nexus of areas of great geo-political significance, including the Balkans, the Caspian and, importantly, the Middle East. There has also been encouragement of Turkey’s accession bid from the US, which sees Turkey as an ally in the ‘War on Terror’. In today’s tense political climate, the strategic reach into the heart of the Middle East which Turkish accession would offer the West is of immense significance. 26 In a similar vein, it is broadly perceived that through meeting EU accession standards, Turkey could potentially prove a role model of a progressive, secular state with a majority Muslim population imbued with Western values; Turkey is the only Muslim candidate for entry to what has frequently been described as an exclusive Christian ‘club’.
Village destruction, mass killings and torture and ill-treatment continued in earnest. While EU accession negotiations amount to a far more robust process than negotiations over the 1995 customs union, and incorporate binding human rights criteria, this episode in Turkey–EU relations should serve as a salutary lesson to key actors in Brussels. The EU must not be duped by empty Turkish promises again. From the late 1990s, progress towards Turkish accession continued apace. The Copenhagen European Council Presidency Conclusions had included the provision in 1993 that: ‘[T]he associated countries in Central and Eastern Europe that so desire shall become members of the European Union.