Download History of Spatial Economic Theory by Claude Ponsard (auth.) PDF

By Claude Ponsard (auth.)

The suggestion of area has consistently been a primary point in a number of branches of data. the concept that frequently appears to be like within the evolution of information, both as a foundation of conception or as an element in examine. it's linked, kind of without delay, with all of the historical past of medical proposal. on the point of straightforward good judgment, the significance of the idea that of area is just equaled via its loss of precision. It used to be a part of legend earlier than turning into a part of heritage. to point the founding of Rome, Romulus begun through drawing the bounds, finding its landmarks in a discontinuous house after having lower the boundaries of a continuing area. although, neither geographical explorations nor mathematico-logical speculations have ever thoroughly got rid of the secret from the concept that of house. For all its basic logic, its mystique is still intact. The privileged place occupied via the concept that of house within the background of technological know-how and the vagueness of its which means within the present use of the time period, faraway from constituting a paradox, are at the same time explanatory. each suggestion of house is unavoidably the results of an abstraction, even if the method through which it truly is reached is thru arithmetic, psychology, biology, or the other self-discipline. on the point of universal wisdom, the space-time thought is the bottom upon that are prepared person studies. it really is therefore effortless to appreciate how the concept that of house might be understood merely via an orderly association of those stories and their integration right into a logical scheme.

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Given the postulates of his analysis, especially that of the identity of the rate of transportation per unit of distance between all the points on the surface considered, the boundary is a hyperbola. The relationship between the prices determines its location. Schilling calls this locus of points for which two or more sellers are in spatial competition the "isostante" [47]. He also introduces the concept of the "economic front" (Wirtschaftsfront), a line along which all prices are equal. The isostante becomes, in the case of competition be~ween a rectilinear economic front and a point of production, a parabola if the transport costs are equal, and an ellipse if the transport costs are higher for the point of production.

Capital goods, which in the wider sense of Weigmann's formulation, comprise all merchandise, should be classified according to their importance in production. At one extreme, capital goods would be permanently tied to a given production process. At the other extreme, capital goods would enter into "free combination". The markets of the different categories of capital goods and their spatial elasticities vary as a result. Weigmann's analysis appears more comprehensive when compared to the traditional theory of location which generally regarded capital as the factor of "free combination" in the long run, disregarding the suitability of the existing equipment in the short run.

Meanwhile, starting from the location theories of Englander and Predohl, Weigmann, whose contributions remained unknown until recently, tries to develop a general model of spatial economics [57][73] [78] [90]. Using a complicated style and difficult basic concepts, he looks for the foundations of a ·realistic" theory, including the totality of the spatial structure of the economic process, the extent and the spatial links of the markets, and the spatial interrelations of economic quantities. In conformity with the contemporary tendency in spatial thought, Weigmann's analysis relates the theory of spatial economics to that of monopolistic competition.

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