By Klaus-Dieter Kreuer (auth.), Klaus-Dieter Kreuer (eds.)
The anticipated finish of the “oil age” will result in expanding concentration and reliance on substitute power conversion units, between which gasoline cells have the aptitude to play an enormous function. not just can phosphoric acid and stable oxide gas cells already successfully convert today’s fossil fuels, together with methane, into electrical energy, yet different forms of gasoline cells, comparable to polymer electrolyte membrane gas cells, have the capability to turn into the cornerstones of a potential destiny hydrogen economic system.
Featuring 21 peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability technological know-how and know-how, gas Cells bargains concise but complete assurance of the present kingdom of study and identifies key parts for destiny research. across the world well known experts offer authoritative introductions to a large choice of gasoline telephone forms, and speak about fabrics, elements, and platforms for those applied sciences. The entries additionally hide sustainability and advertising and marketing concerns, together with comparisons of gasoline cells with substitute technologies.
Read Online or Download Fuel Cells: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology PDF
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Additional info for Fuel Cells: Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology
This infiltration approach to anode manufacture enables the incorporation of anode materials at lower temperatures. This expands the potential materials palette to materials that would either melt, sinter heavily, decompose, or react with YSZ during high temperature sintering of the YSZ phase. This is a flexible technique that has been demonstrated for both anode and cathode manufacture [33–35]. The largest potential drawback is the time-consuming procedure of adding salt solutions, firing, and repeating until sufficient weight-loading is reached.
J Am Chem Soc 131:12888–12889 52. Shevchenko VV, Gumennaya MA (2010) Synthesis and properties of anion-exchange membranes for fuel cells. Theor Exp Chem 46:139–152 53. Varcoe JR, Poynton SD, Slade RCT (2009) In: Vielstich W, Gasteiger HA, Yokokawa H (eds) Handbook of fuel cells – fundamentals, technology and applications, vol 5, Advances in electocatalysis, materials, diagnostics and durability. Wiley, Chichester, pp 322–336 54. Zhou J, Unlu M, Vega J, Kohl P (2009) Anionic polysulfoneionomers and membranes containing fluorenyl groups for anionic fuel cells.
8MnO3Æd (LSM) and the La1ÀxSrxCo1ÀyFeyO3Àd (LSCF) family. The traditional anode is a combination of Ni metal and YSZ, where Ni provides electronic conductivity and electrocatalytic activity . 3 Direct Hydrocarbon Solid Oxide Fuel Cells 35 Due to the high activation energy of ion transport in oxides, current SOFCs require operating temperatures greater than $700 C. This high-temperature operation is advantageous in increasing efficiency, enabling the use of relatively inexpensive transition metal and metal oxide catalysts, and removing the issue of CO poisoning that plagues low temperature cells.