Download From Kosovo to Kabul and Beyond: Human Rights and by David Chandler PDF

By David Chandler

This new and up to date variation of David Chandler's acclaimed publication takes a serious examine the way human rights matters were dropped at the fore in overseas affairs. The UN and Nato's new coverage of interventionism--as proven in Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo and East Timor--has been hailed as a part of a brand new 'ethical' method of international coverage. David Chandler deals a rigorous critique of this it sounds as if benign shift in diplomacy to bare the being concerned political implications of a brand new human rights discourse. He asks why the West can now prioritise the rights of people over the normal rights of kingdom sovereignty, and why this shift has occurred so fast. Charting the improvement of a human rights-based international coverage, he considers the theoretical difficulties of defining human rights and units this in the altering framework of foreign legislation. Meticulous and compelling, From Kosovo to Kabul and past bargains a nerve-racking perception into the political implications of a human rights-led overseas coverage, and the covert time table that it conceals.

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As Michael Ignatieff notes, ‘the doctrine of neutrality has become steadily more controversial as the new politics of human rights has entered the field’ (1998:119). He criticises the fact that the ICRC chooses still to ‘go by the book’ with its narrow adherence to the Geneva Convention, and sides with its critics in MSF who highlight the ICRC’s conservative ‘legalistic bias’ and ‘cautious, lawyerly neutrality’ (1999a:203–4). In fact, the criticisms of the ICRC’s stance have gone further as its position of neutrality led it to keep silent about knowledge of Nazi concentration camps during the Second World War (Moorehead, 1998).

It represents an outright rejection of the principles of humanity, impartiality and universalism, fundamental tenets of human rights and humanitarian principles … Withholding humanitarian assistance on the grounds that those in need may be criminals … is the arbitrary application of punishment before trial and it constitutes cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment on a massive scale. Such treatment is arguably a crime against humanity. (1998:354–5) 48 From Kosovo to Kabul and Beyond Humanitarian Militarism Once humanitarian intervention is conflated with rights-based strategic ends, defined by external agencies, the political ends are redefined as ethical and used to justify the denial of humanitarian principles.

There are three related reasons for this transformation in the relationship of humanitarian assistance. First, the demise of social and political movements, which supported the cause of independence in the developing world and highlighted the inequalities of power inherent in the world market, has led to an increasingly localised focus on conflict and social problems, in isolation from the international political and economic context. Second, once the questions of humanitarian crisis were interpreted predominantly from a local as opposed to an international standpoint, the failure of Southern developmental strategies was seen as rooted in problems of the culture or mentality of non-Western political leaders and peoples.

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