Download Frederic W. Harmer: A Scientific Biography by John A. Kington (auth.) PDF

By John A. Kington (auth.)

Comprising the 1st definitive account of the geological and palaeometeorological reports made by way of the British geologist, Frederic W. Harmer (1835-1924) this booklet contributes a formerly lacking bankruptcy to the heritage of technological know-how. the most target of the writer is to make sure that the clinical paintings of Harmer, which regrettably has been broadly ignored or forgotten, turns into extra quite often recognized and stated. The stability of this deficiency could be redressed by means of bringing to mild during this quantity his contributions to the historical past of technology to an viewers of educational and lay readers of the present literature.

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Extra info for Frederic W. Harmer: A Scientific Biography

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In connection with the development of the Great Ouse basin, Harmer, following Prestwich, suggested that prior to the glacial period, the drainage of the Oxford region had been directed northeast towards the Wash via Bedford. However, later, as a result of the advance of North Sea ice, this drainage was ponded back, forming an extensive lake (Lake Oxford) which ultimately found an outlet over the Chalk escarpment of the Chiltern Hills at Goring, diverting a large amount of drainage into the synclinal valley of the original Thames.

It contained a great variety of Jurassic and Cretaceous erratics, especially Kimmeridge Clay, Neocomian sandstones, hard Chalk, and distinctive tabular grey flints from Lincolnshire. This glacier ploughed up and incorporated in its own deposits much of the earlier North Sea Drift, so that the westward extension of the latter is ill-defined. As a result there are clearly two types of boulder-clay in East Anglia divided by sands and gravels; the most notable feature of the upper one (comprising Chalky boulder-clay with a matrix which varies in different districts according to the various Jurassic rocks over which the ice had passed) contains Pennine and Oolitic detritus and blocks of the characteristic tabular grey flint and hard chalk of the Lincolnshire Wolds.

CP13/050 Reproduced by permission of the British Geological Survey Ó NERC. All rights reserved) 26 3 Geology Harmer’s meeting by chance with the geologist, Searles Valentine Wood, Junior, 1830–1884 (son of the renowned palaeontologist, Wood Senior 1798–1880) on Mundesley beach and their subsequent friendship proved to be most beneficial to Harmer by enhancing his geological studies. For example, in the early 1870s they jointly presented a detailed account of the Red Crag: The physical structure of the Red Crag is unlike that of any other formation known to us, ancient or modern.

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