By Gilbert Harman
Explaining price is a variety of the simplest of Gilbert Harman's shorter writings in ethical philosophy. The 13 essays are divided into 4 sections, which concentration in activate ethical relativism, values and valuing, personality characteristics and advantage ethics, and methods of explaining facets of morality. Harman's specified method of ethical philosophy has provoked a lot curiosity; this quantity bargains a desirable conspectus of his most vital paintings within the sector.
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Extra info for Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy
Before saying why, let me mention objections to the two other forms of moral relativism. 6 An Objection to Moral Judgement Relativism Moral judgement relativism holds that moral judgements make implicit reference to the speaker, some other person or persons, or some set of moral demands. It follows from this that apparently conﬂicting moral judgements do not actually conﬂict if they are made by different speakers 28 MORAL RELATIVISM or are made in relation to different people or moralities. But, as Stevenson (1963a, 1963b) persuasively argues, this seems to imply that certain genuine moral disagreements are mere pseudo-issues.
It seemed that Hare could be only pretending to accept certain demands as demands on everyone. Rather, he would be accepting them merely as demands on himself which he intended to try to get everyone else to accept. Second, the intention to try to get everyone else to accept a given demand seemed itself quite unusual.
For, if we have agreed, when did we do so? Does anyone really remember having agreed? How did we indicate our agreement? What about those who do not want to agree? How do they indicate that they do not agree and what are the consequences of their not agreeing? Reﬂection on these and similar questions can make the hypothesis of implicit agreement seem too weak a basis on which to found morality. But once again there is equivocation about agreements. The objection treats the thesis as the claim that morality is based on some sort of ritual rather than an agreement in intentions.