By Bruce R. Reichenbach
Questions of trust, and organisation over own trust, abound as contributors declare to have the appropriate to think no matter what they so decide on. In a delicately built argument, Bruce Reichenbach contends that whereas members have direct keep watch over over trust, they're obligated to believe--and purposely seek--the fact. even though the character of fact and trust is an oft-debated subject, Reichenbach strikes past surface-level persuasions to handle the very middle of what constitutes a human correct. those epistemic tasks are serious, because the impression of trust is clear all through society, from legislations and schooling to faith and day-by-day decision-making. Grounding his argument in functional case reviews, Reichenbach deftly demonstrates the need of ethical responsibility and belief.
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Additional info for Epistemic Obligations: Truth, Individualism, and the Limits of Belief
Finally, how do we bring about epistemic change so that persons meet their epistemic obligations? Clearly these questions are intertwined; some readers may wish to order them differently. But since nothing ultimately hinges on the particular order so long as the treatment is thorough, we will consider them as proposed. This nexus of questions not only shows the importance of the issue of whether we have epistemic obligations, but forms the context of the discussion in the following chapters. The tacit argument in the first three cases above, if not in all four, is that we have epistemic obligations to hold contextually significant true beliefs and eschew false beliefs.
This analysis, conducted with an analogical eye to moral obligations, provides a reasonable way of understanding epistemic obligations. First, what this shows is that epistemic excellence involves more than mere epistemic obligations with regard to the truth of our beliefs. 29 But if we are to move from mere epistemic obligations to epistemic excellence, we need to consider also permissible beliefs and especially praiseworthy beliefs. Epistemic excellence will involve believing, with a dose of Aristotelian moderation, a wide variety of truths30 that arise with human curiosity and enable us to function virtuously, humanly, and with more fulfillment in life, but will also allow us to suspend belief when epistemically appropriate.
It would be impossible for us to disbelieve all false propositions. Again, Epistemic Obligations 37 there are simply too many false propositions for us to disbelieve, and attempting such a project would be a horrendous waste of time. 20 The evidence for a proposition that turns out to be false might be so strong that we would be acting unreasonably in not believing it. It would have been unreasonable for citizens of medieval society to believe that the earth went around the sun rather than vice versa or that earth-bound humans could travel through space to distant planets.