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Extra info for Environmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems
Karsten Kunze Geological Institute ETH Zürich and Peter Wägli Laboratory for Solid State Physics ETH Zürich for making the SEM pictures possible. Susan Tandy and Paula Amunátegui we would like to thank for cross-reading the manuscript. References Alloway BJ, Ayres DC (1997) The behaviour of pollutants in the soil. In: Ayres DC (ed) Chemical principles of environmental pollution. Blackie, London, pp 395 Bennett PC, Rogers JR, Choi WJ (2001) Silicates, silicate weathering, and microbial ecology. Geomicrobiol J 18:3–19 Birkefeld A, Nowack B, Schulin R (2004) A new in-situ method to monitor mineral particle reactions under field conditions.
3 Support Testing prior Insertion The mechanical stability and the amount of resin-free particle surface was estimated with special experiments. Simple dissolution with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) showed that the heavy metal phases can be dissolved without falling off from the surface. This dissolution experiment was carried out to simulate a dissolution process which could take place in a soil. Therefore it was important to see how the heavy metal covered support reacts mechanically if it is going to be recovered from Fig.
2000). Nevertheless, most literature is devoted to the study of supported catalysts and adsorbents (Azambre et al. 2000; Dandekar et al. 1999; Lee et al. 1998; Koch et al. 1998). Since these materials are heterogeneous in nature and are usually characterized by a strong absorber behavior towards all kinds of radiations, an arsenal of complementary analytical methods is often required to investigate them. These techniques must be considered as complementary, and no attempt will be made in this work to compare the potentialities of diffuse reflectance spectroscopy in this domain to those of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), Electron Spectroscopy for chemical Analysis (ESCA), and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD).