By Hans-Joachim Jördening, Josef Winter, Editors
A deeper perception into the advanced process—es thinking about this box, overlaying the organic, chemical and engineering basics had to extra boost potent methodologies.The e-book devotes distinct chapters to every of the 4 major components of environmental biotechnology—wastewater therapy, soil therapy, sturdy waste remedy, and waste fuel treatmentdealing with either the microbiological and procedure engineering aspects.The result's the mixed wisdom inside the super winning volumes 11a via 11c of the "Biotechnology" sequence in a convenient and compact shape.
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Extra resources for Environmental biotechnology: concepts and applications
2003). Some bacteria have not developed a mechanism to adhere to cellulose fibers, but excrete cellulases into the medium. Adsorption of bacteria onto cellulose fibers via cellulosomes offers the advantage of close contact with the substrate, which is hydrolyzed mainly to glucose, which is then taken up and metabolized. Small amounts of cellobiose must be present initially to induce cellulase expression. The contact of bacteria with the solid substrate surface keeps them close to cellobiose and thus keeps cellulase activities high.
For acetate, such a dramatic disadvantage of methanogens was not observed. , 1994). 9 Amount and Composition of Biogas During Fermentation of Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats From an economic point of view, the specific biogas amounts and the biogas quality from anaerobic treatment of wastewater and sludge are important process parameters. Therefore, a basis for prediction of amount and composition of biogas was elaborated as early as the 1930s (Buswell and Neave, 1930; Buswell and Sollo 1948; Buswell and Mueller, 1952).
In the methanogenic phase there is no difference in methanogenic activity whether carbohydrates or proteins are fermented, except that the methanogens in a reactor fed with protein need to be more tolerant to ammonia and higher pH. , 1998). To provide a maximum surface for hydrolytic cleavage by lipases or phospholipases, solid fats, lipids, or oils must be emulsified. ) are formed from neutral fats. Lipolysis of phospholipids generates fatty acids, glycerol, alcohols (serine, ethanolamine, choline, inositol), and phosphate.