Download Encyclopedia of Wars3 Volume of Set by Charles Phillips, Alan Axelrod PDF

By Charles Phillips, Alan Axelrod

The 1st reference paintings of its variety, Encyclopedia of Wars describes not just the army element of wars - the factors of clash, an enumeration of battles, and a precis of the outcome(s) - but in addition the social and political context within which the wars happened. This pres readers and researchers with the $64000 evidence in addition to the historic heritage for every warfare. From the Crusades to the innovative battle to the Persian Gulf warfare, this three-volume encyclopedia covers each significant warfare, uprising, and revolution from 3,500 BCE to the current. Its invaluable content material is in an obtainable structure. In 3 entire volumes and nearly 2,000 A-to-Z entries, this definitive source pres extra thorough, whole assurance than the other encyclopedia. every one access pres an at-a-glance examine the conflict in query and a story dialogue of the conflict, studying its social context, significant battles and occasions, and broader value in cultural and historic phrases.

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Aethelfrith (d. 616), king of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia, married the princess of neighboring Deira in 588 or 590, thereby uniting the kingdoms as Northumbria and sending into exile Edwin, the heir apparent to the Deiran throne. Beginning in 593, Northumbria warred sporadically with the Britons. In 603 Aethelfrith faced a new threat from the north, but successfully defended his borders against the incursion of Scottish invaders from Dal Riata (the Delriad Scots under King Aidan) and Britons of Strathclyde, defeating both at the battle of Daegsaston.

Even then the Crown did nothing to protect the northern frontier of its New World holdings for almost two decades. It was not until 1598 that an expedition was dispatched north from Mexico. On April 30 Don Juan de Oñate (1550–1630) reached present-day El Paso, Texas, and laid claim to what he called “New Mexico,” a province stretching from Texas to California. Oñate brought with him the seeds of a colony: 400 men, women, and children, 7,000 head of livestock, and some 80 wagons. With his meager forces, Oñate pressed farther north, aggressively colonizing the pueblo country.

His cousin Offa (r. 757–796), who had participated in Aethelbald’s campaigns only to oppose him in the civil war, succeeded him to the Mercian throne. See also OFFA’S WARS (771–796). Further reading: Albany F. : Blandford Press, 1978); David A. E. , Anglo-Saxon History: Basic Readings (New York: Garland, 2000). Aethelfrith’s Wars (593–616) PRINCIPAL COMBATANTS: Northumbria vs. , Kent, Sussex, Wessex, Essex, Northumbria, East Anglia, and Mercia). OUTCOME: Aethelfrith achieved dominance in the heptarchy, only to be slain in battle by the ally of a rival.

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