By Leslie Alan Horvitz
This A-to-Z encyclopaedia examines the complete historical past of crimes opposed to humanity, in the course of either wartime and peacetime. With greater than 450 entries, the encyclopaedia covers a variety of suitable themes: human rights, warfare criminals, trials of battle crimes, examples of genocide, foreign enterprises and overseas legislations touching on struggle crimes, and plenty of extra. additionally integrated is a first-rate assets part with records which are very important to knowing this topic. The insurance comprises: Amnesty foreign; Klaus Barbie; Geneva Conventions; Saddam Hussein; Kosovo; North Korea; Pol Pot; Rwanda; Shining direction; Taliban; Desmond Tutu; and Simon Wiesenthal.
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Additional info for Encyclopedia of War Crimes And Genocide (Facts on File Library of World History)
Human Rights Education for the Twenty-first Century. Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997. Claude, Richard Pierre, and Burns H. Weston. Human Rights in the World Community: Issues and Action. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992. Falk, Richard A. Human Rights Horizons: The Pursuit of Justice in a Globalizing World. London: Routledge, 2000. Forsythe, David P. Human Rights in International Relations, Themes in International Relations.
But these massacres were only a prelude to a genocidal program that would be carried out on a much broader scale. The reign of the sultans barely survived the arrival of the new century: An uprising by a core group of officers and civilian sympathizers known as the Young Turks led to the deposition of Abdul Hamid and the restoration of Par- 25 liament. But the Young Turks’ reformist instincts didn’t extend to their treatment of the Armenians. Within a few years of assuming power, they began to respond to political and ethnic dissidence with terror and intimidation.
In effect it sets out provisions for internal conflict that are also intended to apply to conflicts between states. One provision declares that people who are not combatants—including any opponents who have laid down their arms or have been rendered unable to fight because of illness—must be treated humanely and without discrimination based on sex, race, color, religion, or faith. Wounded opponents are to receive proper medical care. According to the article, rebels who are taken prisoner have the right to be seen by representatives of the INTERNATIONAL C OMMITTEE OF THE R ED C ROSS (ICRC) or other international humanitarian organizations, just as other PRISONERS OF WAR do.