By Christopher Moseley
Wisdom of the world's languages hasn't ever been extra complete than it's this present day; but by no means have such a lot of been threatened through extinction. Defining as endangered these languages within which older audio system are failing--for no matter what reason--to go on their local speech to more youthful generations, this encyclopedia is the 1st to catalog and describe them in-depth.
each one nearby part during this paintings explores the issues of language upkeep within the sector, surveys identified extinct languages and difficulties of category, and offers an inventory of all identified languages in the sector, with designated marking of these indexed as endangered or extinct in next entries. The record is by way of A-Z entries overlaying every one language indexed as endangered.
Edited through the world over seemed expert Christopher Moseley, co-editor of the vintage Atlas of the World's Languages, this can be a vital source for linguists, language-lovers, and a person who believes that the human group is impoverished by way of the lack of even one language.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages (Routledge Language Family Series)
Most of the information in the list of languages below was gathered between 1999 and 2001 directly from the linguists and educators best placed to know the relevant facts about the various speech communities. Several individuals, in addition to providing information on specific languages, aided in the gathering of data from other languages in certain areas or language groups. For such valuable assistance special thanks go to: Margaret Seguin Anderson, Alice Anderton, M. Dale Kinkade, Michael Krauss, Jack Martin, John McLaughlin, Pamela Munro, Douglas Parks, William Poser, Keren Rice, John Ritter, and Akira Yamamoto.
The Keetoowah population is largely rural and culturally conservative, and at least a few children are reported to be fluent speakers. At least three distinct dialects of Cherokee are known to have been spoken in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, but modern dialect differences primarily reflect the split in the historic Cherokee community in the late 1830s, when the Cherokee Nation was removed from Georgia to eastern Oklahoma. The North Carolina group is descended from Cherokees who took refuge in the southern Appalachians rather than undergo the ‘Trail of Tears’ to Oklahoma.
The remnants of both tribes were removed to the Siletz Reservation in 1875, where they were absorbed into the heterogeneous population and their languages fell into disuse. Some Yaquina vocabulary was documented in the 1880s, but the language appears to have become extinct soon afterward. Alsea was more thoroughly documented, primarily by Frachtenberg in 1910–13, who published a volume of narrative texts with a lexicon. Much archival material exists, including a grammatical sketch. At least one speaker survived into the 1940s, but the language has been extinct for at least fifty years.