By Carl Cavanagh Hodge
In 1800, Europeans ruled approximately one-third of the world's land floor; via the beginning of worldwide conflict I in 1914, Europeans had imposed a few type of political or monetary ascendancy on over eighty percentage of the globe. the elemental constitution of worldwide and eu politics within the 20th century was once formed within the earlier century out of the conflict of competing imperial pursuits and the results, either valuable and destructive, of the imperial powers at the societies they ruled. This encyclopedia bargains present, particular info at the significant global powers and their worldwide empires, in addition to at the humans, occasions, principles, and events, either eu and non-European, that formed the Age of Imperialism.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism: 1800-1914, Volumes 1-2
Brazza was a patriot aware of, and in large part motivated by, the race with Belgium in the Congo. His ideas for planting the French flag in the Congo got a sympathetic hearing from Gambetta and the most important figure in French Introduction colonialism after 1880, Jules Ferry. 42 There was a certain appropriateness to the fact that Senegal on the west coast of Africa became a key base in the effort to penetrate the African interior and ultimately to link it with Algeria and the Congo to establish French dominion over African territory from the Atlantic to the Nile.
The first of these gave the British in Cape Colony a new and unwanted German neighbor; the latter placed a Germany colony smack in the path of the Cairo-to-Cape railway envisioned by Cecil Rhodes in the 1890s to connect Egypt and the Mediterranean with Cape. In the meantime, Bismarck parlayed Germany’s colonial coming-out into gains for nationalist parties in the 1884 Reichstag elections and significant diplomatic concessions at the Berlin Conference of 1884–1885. It was at the Berlin Conference that the Scramble began to approximate a partition.
It was Carnot who applied the levée en masse to France’s army, an army of now nominally free citizens conscripted to the defense of the republic and the nation to a strength of more than a million men under arms. It was also Carnot who demanded a national force capable of crushing any other by sheer weight of numbers in a war of annihilation rather then maneuver. Lastly, it was Carnot who conscripted the resources of the nation in a planned economy of totalitarian ambition and reversed the eighteenthcentury prohibition against armies living off the land into a patriotic duty.