By C. Wessels
To many generations of geographers significant Asia, specially Tihet, used to be the land of poser and darkness, remoted by way of nature and by means of guy, in whose midst lay the sacred urban of Lhasa, evenmore mysterious and unapproachab le than Mecca or Kerbela and it's only for a few a long time prior that it has counted one of the nice fields of operation of recent geography. excessive as Mont Blanc are the desert-like plateaux of this «Roof of the World», and as though this elevation used to be no longer sufficient to render them tricky of entry, they're set approximately via nearly impassable mountain levels an arctic weather reigns in these bleak and forlorn areas. And if a tourist be so undaunted and hardy as to courageous all of the hindrances of nature, and to climb his method in the direction of these icy wastes, he'll locate his street barred and himself ruthlessly grew to become again via the sparse population, inhospitable as their mountain facets. hardly ever any explorer from Prejevalsky to Sven Hedin yet testifies to the jealousy with which these desolate areas are guarded, or even as past due as 1923 Dr. Montgomery McGovern skilled this inveterate mistrust of the foreigner.
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Extra info for Early Jesuit Travellers in Central Asia, 1603–1721
Yule is at a loss how to identify this place. Very likely it is Yakkaarik, which would furnish another proof for the unreliability of Ricci's time-notices; for he requires five days for the next stage, Yakk~-arik-Yarkand, which is only twenty kilometers. Here Goes left the spent caravan and hurried oii to Hiarcan [Yarkand], whence he sent fresh horses and supplies to those he had left behind. Finally the whole party entered Y arkand, then the capital of the kingdom of Kashgar. It was probably November 1603 1).
A. Arzruni, Neue Beobachtungen am Nephrit und ]adiit - Zeitschrift fiir Ethnokltlte (1883) p. 165. rv 28 BENTO DE GOES valuable and more extensive trade is carried on than in a kind of transparent marble, which for want of a better name we call jaspis .... They [the Chinese] make of it various objects such as vases and ornaments for clothes and girdles, the value of which they enhance by artistic engravings of leaves and flowers. This marble, of which at present the country is full, is called Yusce by the Chinese.
If Roebroek undoubtedly refers to the Tian Shan mountains, it is equally clear that Goes applies the name to the desert at their southern base. Now it appears from Chinese historians that for centuries the Chinese occupied the Gobi desert and the Tarim basin, but the inroads of the Tibetans in the eighth century put an end to the Cathay rule and at the same time to the prosperity of the country. The same supremacy of China appears moreover from the numerous archaeological finds spoken of above.