By Barbara Brower, Barbara Rose Johnston
South and important Asia is a area of remarkable cultural and environmental range and residential to almost one-quarter of the earth's inhabitants. between those varied peoples are a few whose methods of existence are threatened through the accelerating attack of forces of swap together with environmental degradation, inhabitants development, land loss, war, illness, and the penetration of worldwide markets. This quantity examines twelve teams whose lifestyle is endangered. a few are "indigenous" peoples, a few should not; each one team represents a different solution to the query of the way to outlive and thrive on this planet earth, and illustrates either the threats and the responses of peoples stuck up within the fight to maintain cultural that means, id, and autonomy. each one bankruptcy, written by means of knowledgeable student for a common viewers, bargains a cultural evaluate, explores either threats to survival and the group's responses, and provokes dialogue and additional study with "food for thought." This robust documentation of either tragedy and desire for the twenty-first-century survival of centuries-old cultures is a key reference for somebody drawn to the quarter, in cultural survival, or within the interaction of diversification and homogenization.
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Additional info for Disappearing Peoples?: Indigenous Groups and Ethnic Minorities in South and Central Asia
Instead the community has organized, adapted, and transformed to meet the challenges they face by involving themselves increasingly in regional and national politics, by modernizing their relationship to the market, and by educating their young. Politics: Seeking Avenues of Redress The Raika have never been a “scheduled” caste, meaning that they do not come from the most marginal caste communities and so, unlike some of the poorest groups, receive no special protections or quotas in government planning.
For herders, the tree is not particularly useful. While the seedpods of the plant can be eaten by livestock, the leaves are useless as fodder. It is also a tree that burns poorly and that makes poor construction material. Combined with the effect of removing fodder grasses in the areas where it grows, Prosopis juliflora has become more than just a nuisance for the Raika; it has rendered vast areas of pasture useless, increasing the fodder scarcity problem driven by human actions in the region (Robbins 2004a).
In the later colonial era, when Britain ruled the subcontinent, these were placed under the control of a government bureaucracy and expert cadre of foresters. In the postIndependence era, the lands are held by the Ministry of the Environment and managed by state departments of forestry. Over that period, the fundamental conflicts have always been over who has the right to use those forests and what they have the rights to do. For the Raika, who depend on forestland for dry-season grazing, these large areas of forest are essential.