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This is often an encyclopedic dictionary of with reference to four hundred very important philosophical, literary, and political phrases and ideas that defy easy--or any--translation from one language and tradition to a different. Drawn from greater than a dozen languages, phrases reminiscent of Dasein (German), pravda (Russian), saudade (Portuguese), and stato (Italian) are completely tested in all their cross-linguistic and cross-cultural complexities. Spanning the classical, medieval, early sleek, glossy, and modern classes, those are phrases that impression pondering around the humanities. The entries, written by means of greater than one hundred fifty exotic students, describe the origins and meanings of every time period, the historical past and context of its utilization, its translations into different languages, and its use in striking texts. The dictionary additionally comprises essays at the precise features of specific languages--English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

Originally released in French, this distinct reference paintings is now on hand in English for the 1st time, with new contributions from Judith Butler, Daniel Heller-Roazen, Ben Kafka, Kevin McLaughlin, Kenneth Reinhard, Stella Sandford, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Jane Tylus, Anthony Vidler, Susan Wolfson, Robert J. C. younger, and lots of more.The result's a useful reference for college kids, students, and basic readers drawn to the multilingual lives of a few of our so much influential phrases and ideas.

• Covers just about four hundred very important philosophical, literary, and political phrases that defy effortless translation among languages and cultures

• comprises phrases from greater than a dozen languages

• Entries written through greater than one hundred fifty uncommon thinkers

• to be had in English for the 1st time, with new contributions via Judith Butler, Daniel Heller-Roazen, Ben Kafka, Kevin McLaughlin, Kenneth Reinhard, Stella Sandford, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Jane Tylus, Anthony Vidler, Susan Wolfson, Robert J. C. younger, and plenty of more

• includes broad cross-references and bibliographies

• a useful source for college students and students around the humanities

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Extra resources for Dictionary of Untranslatables: A Philosophical Lexicon (Translation/Transnation)

Sample text

There are also universals, especially the universals of genus, species, and difference. How should we distinguish, from the point of view of abstraction, mathematical entities from universals? This problem occupied Aristotle’s commentators and interpreters from antiquity to the Middle Ages. 10–16), the theoretical sciences can be classified in a combinatory manner, depending on whether the entities they concern are “movable” or “immovable,” on the one hand, and “separable” or “inseparable” from matter, on the other hand.

64, col. 84B11–14). The problem assumed here is the one that thirteenth-century Aristotelians would later formulate in the Scholastic adage “Abtrahentium non est mendacium” (Abstraction is not a lie). In the context with which Boethius’s thesis is concerned, the opposition is the Neoplatonic one between authentic concepts (which have a basic reality) and empty or false concepts. The respective paths of abstraction and fiction thus intersect, in accord with an argumentative schema that continues down to the modern period.

Such understandings by “abstraction” perhaps seemed to be “false” or “empty” because they perceive the thing otherwise than as it subsists. . But that is not so. If someone understands a thing otherwise than as it is in the sense that he attends to it in terms of a nature or characteristic that it does not have, that understanding is surely empty. But this does not happen with abstraction. (P. 5–22; trans. P. ” This common acceptation of an act that is elsewhere described in terms of the extraction of “incorporeals” from the matter in which they are entangled makes Abelard’s descriptions of the act of abstraction look like anticipations of John Stuart Mill’s.

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