By Brad Hooker
Developing Deontology involves six new essays in moral concept through top modern ethical philosophers. each one essay considers strategies popular within the improvement of deontological ways to ethics, and those essays supply a useful contribution to that improvement.
- Essays are contributed through Michael Smith, Philip Stratton-Lake, Ralph Wedgewood, David Owens, Peter Vallentyne, and Elizabeth Harman - all major modern ethical philosophers
- Each essay bargains an unique and formerly unpublished contribution to the subject
- A major addition to the sphere for an individual with an curiosity within the improvement of deontology
- The assortment is edited by means of a number one philosophical scholar
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Extra resources for Developing Deontology: New Essays in Ethical Theory
First, a thin act-type is permissible if and only if there is some permissible thick act-type of which that thin act-type is a part. Secondly, a thin act-type is impermissible if and only if every available thick act-type of which that thin act-type is a part is impermissible. If diverting the trolley is part of a permissible thick act-type (such as diverting the trolley in order to save the ﬁve people on the main track), it follows that it is permissible to divert the trolley – although if there is a danger that the agent will divert the trolley with a bad intention, it may be misleading just to assert that he may divert the trolley, without adding that he may only divert the trolley with this permissible intention, not with the bad intention of killing the person on the side track.
This is why I shall focus on different objections here. Developing Deontology, First Edition. Edited by Brad Hooker. Copyright © 2012 The Authors. Book compilation © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 36 RALPH WEDGWOOD The doctrine of double effect holds that an action that aims at the death of an innocent person, either as its end or as a means to its end, is always wrong. There are several differences between Scanlon’s version of the doctrine and the version that I shall defend here. First, Scanlon’s version condemns all acts that ‘aim at’ the death of an innocent person, regardless of whether these acts succeeding in achieving this aim or not.
For a start he may think that this state of affairs is good because it is one in which the son has done what he ought to do. Then the duty would explain the goodness, rather than the goodness explain the duty; and the duty would have to be explained on other grounds. Furthermore, although the villager might accept that his act will have a good consequence, it is difﬁcult to imagine that this would get him to revise his initial account of why he ought to help his father – that is, of what really matters to him here.