Download Decision Making: Cognitive Models and Explanations by Rob Raynard PDF

By Rob Raynard

Containing contributions from well-respected foreign researchers into choice making, this booklet bargains overviews and reviews of vital contemporary learn. It examines the character of the mental approaches underlying determination making, and addresses quite a number subject matters together with the position of feelings, coping with uncertainty, time strain, and self assurance in judgements. determination Making first locations the method method of selection examine in a historic and theoretical context, supplying a serious overview of its vital examine tools. The individuals then contemplate a variety of impacts upon choice making, danger and uncertainty; a last part examines time strain, the consequences of prior judgements, and post-decision strategies.

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Many real-life situations can be modelled as a multiattribute evaluation problem, for instance the selection of job applicants or the choice of the most suitable treatment for a patient. The major research question in multiattribute decision studies is how judges handle the available attribute information in order to arrive at a decision. It must be understood that there is no normative ‘correct’ way to do this, nor an alternative that is absolutely the ‘best’ one. The question is not whether a judge is right in some way, but how the judge, as an individual, deals with the problem.

1995) Multiattribute Evaluation Processes: Evaluation Types and Research Techniques, Amsterdam: Faculty of Psychology Dissertation Series. M. and Koele, P. (1995) ‘A comparison of different methods for the elicitation of attribute weights: structural modeling, process tracing, and self-reports’, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 64:49–64. , Koele, P. and van Engelenburg, G. (1996) ‘The estimation of attribute weights in a multiattribute choice situation’, Acta Psychologica, 93:37–55.

1993) ‘Motivational factors in decision theories: the role of self-protection’, Psychological Bulletin, 113:440–50. R. R. (1996) ‘Counterfactual thinking and ascriptions of cause and preventability’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71: 450–63. , Turnbull, W. and McFarland, C. ) Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 23:305–31, San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Montgomery, H. Vari (eds) Analyzing and Aiding Decision Processes, Amsterdam: North-Holland. Montgomery, H. Svenson (eds) Process and Structure in Human Decision Making, Chichester: Wiley.

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