Download Cutting And Self-Harm (Psychological Disorders) by Heather Barnett Veague PDF

By Heather Barnett Veague

The chapters during this booklet contain: 'What is self-harm?', 'Who engages in self-harm?', 'Self-harm and psychological illness', 'Identification and therapy of self-harm', and 'Prevention: How will we hinder self-harm?'.

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Sample text

She had an unusual ability to memorize and became fascinated with reading, even though she appeared not to comprehend anything she read. She exhibited a variety of repetitive physical behaviors, such as rocking and banging her head, that required increasing intervention by staff members. Betsy had spent most of her life living in institutions. 10 Characteristics of self-harm are seen in the self-stimulation in autism. Repetitive movements like head banging, spinning, rocking, and picking at the skin can be practiced for hours.

The most promising treatment, particularly for limiting self-stimulating behavior, is behavioral therapy. Ivar Lovaas at the University of California, Los Angeles, is a pioneer in the behavioral treatment of autistic children. His treatment strategy involves intensive, one-on-one sessions that usually take place in the child’s home. The sessions continue for several hours each day over many years. The treatment is based on learning principles, namely reinforcement and punishment. Appropriate, positive social behaviors are positively reinforced, and negative behaviors, such as self-harm, are punished.

If she doesn’t get out of the psychiatric hospital soon, she will most likely lose her current job. Psychological Explanations for Why People Self-Harm The Conterio and Favazza study in 1986 was one of the first studies of self-harm. The authors offered a description of the typical self-injurer. Like Lynne in the case study above, the typical self-harmer is female, in her mid-20s to early 30s, and has been hurting herself since her teens. She tends to be middle- or upper-middle-class, intelligent, well educated, and from a background of physical and/or sexual abuse or from a home with at least one alcoholic parent.

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