By Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Louise Doswald-Beck, Carolin Alvermann, Angela Cotroneo, Antoine Grand, Baptiste Rolle
In 1995, the foreign Committee of the crimson move, in addition to various well known specialists, embarked upon a massive overseas research into present kingdom perform in humanitarian legislation so as to establish universal legislation during this region. This ebook (and its spouse, quantity 1: ideas) is the results of that examine. quantity 2 incorporates a precis of the appropriate treaty legislation, overseas case-law and proper country perform together with laws, army manuals, case-law, legit statements, and reliable army perform for every point of humanitarian legislations. additionally to be had: quantity 1: ideas 0-521-80899-5 Hardback $100.00 C 0-521-00528-0 Paperback $38.00 D Boxed Set of three Volumes: Vol.l: ideas; Vol. 2: perform: components 1 and a pair of 0-521-53925-0 Hardback $450.00 C
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Extra resources for Customary International Humanitarian Law: Volume 2, Practice, Parts 1 and 2
Italy, Declarations made upon ratification of AP I, 27 February 1986, § 8. New Zealand, Declarations made upon ratification of AP I, 8 February 1988, § 4. UK, Reservations and declarations made upon ratification of AP I, 28 January 1998, § j. CDDH, Official Records, Vol. I, Part Three, Draft Additional Protocols, June 1973, p. 37. CDDH, Official Records, Vol. 1, 3 February–18 April 1975, p. 288, § 113. 94 Other Instruments 93. Article 15 of the 1863 Lieber Code states that “military necessity admits of all direct destruction of life or limb of ‘armed’ enemies .
86 88. 87 89. Upon ratification of AP I, Italy declared that “the first sentence of paragraph 2 of [Article 52] prohibits only such attacks as may be directed against nonmilitary objectives. ”88 90. 89 91. Upon ratification of AP I, the UK stated that: It is the understanding of the United Kingdom that . . 90 92. 92 The approved text provided that “in order to ensure respect and protection for the civilian population . . the Parties to the conflict . . shall direct their operations only against military 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 Australia, Declarations made upon ratification of AP I, 21 June 1991, § 5.
82 Attacks against combatants I. Treaties and Other Instruments Treaties 83. The preamble to the 1868 St. Petersburg Declaration states that “the only legitimate object which States should endeavour to accomplish during war is to weaken the military forces of the enemy”. 84. Article 48 AP I states that “Parties to the conflict . . shall direct their operations only against military objectives”. 83 85. Article 52(2) AP I states that “attacks shall be limited strictly to military objectives”. 84 80 81 82 83 84 IIHL, Rules of International Humanitarian Law Governing the Conduct of Hostilities in Noninternational Armed Conflicts, Rule A1 and Commentary, IRRC, No.