Download Current Controversies in the Biological Sciences: Case by Karen F. Greif PDF

By Karen F. Greif

In recent times, advances in organic technology and expertise have outpaced policymakers’ makes an attempt to house them. present Controversies within the organic Sciences examines the ways that the government makes use of medical info in achieving coverage judgements, supplying case reviews of the interactions among technological know-how and govt on diversified biomedical, organic, and environmental concerns. those case experiences record a wide variety of complicated matters in technology policy—from the Human Genome venture to tobacco regulation—and offer an obtainable evaluation of either the technological know-how in the back of the problems and the policy-making strategy. The circumstances illustrate different ways that technological know-how and politics intersect in coverage judgements, in addition to the several varieties coverage itself may well take—including not just regulatory motion however the loss of legislation. one of the themes tested are private and non-private learn investment, as obvious in gene patenting; reluctance to manage even if a product has been confirmed bad, as with regards to tobacco; a comparability of U.S. and overseas coverage responses to genetically transformed organisms; and the competing pursuits at play in pollution coverage. each one bankruptcy comprises shorter part essays on similar themes (for instance, essays on concerns raised via the SARS epidemic accompany the designated case research of the general public health and wellbeing reaction to the anthrax-laced mail got within the weeks after 9/11). This transparent and readable advent to debatable concerns within the organic sciences should be a necessary source for college kids of technology coverage and bioethics and for execs in undefined, executive, and nongovernmental agencies who want historical past on rising matters within the organic sciences.

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Additional info for Current Controversies in the Biological Sciences: Case Studies of Policy Challenges from New Technologies (Basic Bioethics)

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Thus, research funding through more traditional federal mechanisms may feel the pinch because of excess spending elsewhere. References 1. National Institutes of Health. Setting research priorities at the National Institutes of Health. June 18, 2003. htm> (accessed November 5, 2003). 40 Big Science 2. National Institute of Allergy and Infections Diseases. NIAID funding: How to plan a grant application. htm> (accessed November 11, 2003). 3. National Institutes of Health. NIH competing research project applications by type of grant, fiscal years 1970–2004.

The goal is for researchers to “graduate” to regular funding and thereby expand the amount of funding brought into the state. [11] The amount of funding in this set-aside program is modest—only a few hundred thousand dollars. At best, Funding Biomedical Research 37 EPSCoR is viewed as a modest success; no state has achieved a big enough slice of the research funding pie to graduate from the program. Critics also suggest that the current system of peer review is risk averse—it discourages high-risk or innovative research, since investigators may not be able to demonstrate directly the feasibility of elements of the proposed work.

D. Nelson, and S. J. Lita, 273–284. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2002. 4. Bekelman, J. , Y. Li, and C. P. Gross. Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research. JAMA 289, no. 4 (January 22–29, 2003): 454–465. 5. Cook-Deegan, R. The gene wars: Science, politics, and the human genome. New York: W. W. , 1994. 6. Kevles, D. J. Out of eugenics: The historical politics of the human genome. In The code of codes: Scientific and social issues in the human genome project, ed.

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