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By R.J.W. Evans, T.V. Thomas

This publication offers with a turning-point in ecu background: the dramatic fight among the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation, and among princely rulers and landed nobles in 16th and seventeenth-century vital and jap Europe. It brings jointly the result of the newest examine via major students from North the USA and Europe and it throws new gentle at the victory of the Church and the rulers over Protestantism and the the Aristocracy which had such profound long term results.

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Extra resources for Crown, Church and Estates: Central European Politics in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

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But, in 1712 the soldier king Frederick William I anyway abandoned Brandenburg's attempt, dating back to the Great Elector, to compete with the Viennese court. 34 Volker Press 15 The existence of a new balance between court and estates was one of the specific features of the Austrian situation. The ruler had to deal with a series of totally different corporative constitutions; he ruled over a 'monarchy of Stiindestaaten'. That gave him an astonishing freedom of action. The system was not constrained by a rigid administrative structure, which also gave the estates a large degree of latitude.

Too much leniency might have had an impact on the hereditary lands, above all on the selfconfidence of the Bohemian lands, and probably on the Reichstag as well. Hungary's relative autonomy undoubtedly remained a problem for the Habsburg Monarchy. Charles VI formally confirmed it in 172223; the fact that he managed to keep Hungary quiet is no mean achievement of this Habsburg whom historians love to criticise. In 1741 Maria Theresa managed to gain Hungary's help, but only at the price of further guaranteeing its corporate freedoms.

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 21 Kazimierz Orzechowski, Og6lnoslgskie zgromadzenia stanowe (Warsaw, 1979); Norbert Conrads, 'Die schlesische Stiindeverfassung im Umbruch: vom altstandischen Herzogtum zur preuBischen Provinz', in P. ), Stiindetum und Staatsbildung, 335-64. 'Versuch iiber die Entstehung des Reichstags', in Politische Ordnungen und soziale Kriifte im Alten Reich, ed. Hermann Weber (Wiesbaden, 1980) 1-36. x XV' et XVI' siecles, ed. P. Blockmans and H. van Nuffel (Brussels, 1986) 321-39.

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