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By Melvin Ember

Just like the ten-volume Encyclopedia of global Cultures (Macmillan, 1996), the four-volume nations and Their Cultures is predicated at the selection of ethnographic info often called the Human kin quarter documents established at Yale collage. in contrast to global Cultures, that is prepared via tradition, the hot paintings is prepared by means of nation. This work's power is that readers who comprehend little or no a few nation can fast receive a great orientation to the main matters, heritage, and social constitution of a country. The 225 entries are among ten and 20 pages lengthy and browse like a move among a well-written encyclopedia article, a go back and forth consultant, and a social technological know-how essay. they supply an excellent basic evaluation of a rustic with no drastically oversimplifying or distorting. All entries have an analogous constitution, with sections on geography, background, demography, languages, nutrition, economic climate, etiquette, politics, family members, faith, and humanities and arts. A country's measure of cultural harmony in addition to its cultural diversifications are defined within the sections on nationwide id, ethnic family, and social stratification. each one access has a map with a neighborhood insert, black-and-white images, and a bibliography of contemporary scholarly books. steered particularly for libraries that don't personal Encyclopedia of global Cultures.

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Countries and Their Cultures

Just like the ten-volume Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures (Macmillan, 1996), the four-volume international locations and Their Cultures relies at the selection of ethnographic info often called the Human kinfolk zone documents dependent at Yale college. in contrast to global Cultures, that's geared up by means of tradition, the recent paintings is geared up through kingdom.

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Beyond the plateau are the Saharan Atlas Mountains, which form the boundary of the Algerian Sahara desert. Despite efforts by the government to contain the desert by planting rows of pine trees, it continues to expand northward. The vast expanse contains not only sand dunes and typical desert life such as snakes, lizards, and foxes, but also oases, which grow date and citrus trees. There are also striking sandstone rock formations, red sand, and even a mountain, Mount Tahat, the highest point in Algeria, that is sometimes snowtopped.

Ahmed Ben Bella was declared premier. He was head of the government and of the FLN, the country’s sole political party. The extent of his power began to make people uncomfortable, and in 1965 a bloodless coup took him out and put Houari Boumedienne, the former defense minister, in his place. Boumedienne continued but modified Ben Bella’s socialist policies, concentrating his efforts on reducing unemployment and illiteracy, decentralizing the government, and taking control of the land back from the French colonizers.

Despite the constraints of socialist realism and Stalinist dictatorship, Albanian literature made much progress in the 1970s and 1980s. One of the best examples of creativity and originality in Albanian letters then and now is Ismail Kadare (b. 1936), the only Albanian writer with a broad international reputation. Kadare’s talents both as a poet and as a prose writer have lost none of their innovative force over the last three decades. His influence is still felt among the young postcommunist writers of the 1990s, the first generation to be able to express itself freely.

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