Download Contested Borderland: The Civil War in Appalachian Kentucky by Brian D. McKnight PDF

By Brian D. McKnight

Throughout the 4 years of the Civil struggle, the border among jap Kentucky and southwestern Virginia was once hugely contested territory, alternately occupied by way of either the Confederacy and the Union. although this territory used to be carefully populated, the geography of the sector made it a fascinating stronghold for destiny tactical maneuvers. because the battle improved, the Cumberland hole speedy turned the objective of invasion and career efforts of either armies, making a chaos that will pressure not just the warriors yet all those that referred to as the world their home.

Contested Borderland examines the positive aspects of the region's geography and the impact of the assaults on borderlands stuck within the crossfire of the Union and accomplice forces. The land surrounding the Kentucky-Virginia border contained necessary usual assets and geographic beneficial properties thought of necessary to every one army's development and proliferation. whereas the Appalachian Mountains barred commute via huge components of the quarter, the gaps allowed fast passages via differently tough terrain and therefore grew to become hotly contested components. Brian D. McKnight explores the tensions among the accomplishment of army ambitions and the upkeep of civilian lifestyles within the region.

With Kentucky final unswerving to the Union and Virginia seceding to the Confederacy, populations dwelling among the 2 states confronted strain to claim loyalty to 1 facet. Roadside cities discovered themselves the common hosts of squaddies from either side, whereas extra distant groups grew to become shelters for these wishing to stay uninvolved within the clash. rather than committing themselves to both reason, lots of individuals claimed a impartial stance or feigned commitment to whichever facet occurred to occupy their land.

The twin career of the Union and accomplice armies consequentially divided the borderland inhabitants, developing hostilities in the zone that may persist lengthy after the war's end. Contested Borderland is the 1st Civil battle examine solely dedicated to the border setting apart jap Kentucky and southwestern Virginia. McKnight's exceptional geographical research of army strategies and civilian involvement presents a brand new and priceless measurement to the tale of a sector dealing with the turmoil of conflict.

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Extra resources for Contested Borderland: The Civil War in Appalachian Kentucky and Virginia

Sample text

Copeland linked Unionist sentiment with the percentage of white citizens volunteering for Federal service. 64 percent of all white male citizens volunteered to serve in the Union army. 69 percent. 65 If supplying the most fighting men for the Union indicates loyalty, supplying the fewest suggests disloyalty and a significant secessionist impulse. 92 percent of their population to the Federal war effort. 66 Most eastern Kentuckians—like southwestern Virginians would have preferred to do—waited to see what the future held rather than make a strong commitment early to either cause.

32 Ad- 38 CONTESTED BORDERLAND A newspaperman and politician before the war, Felix Kirk Zollicoffer accepted command of a Confederate brigade in East Tennessee in the summer of 1861. Winning small and insignificant fights in eastern Kentucky that fall, Zollicoffer’s Confederates met a Federal force at Wildcat Mountain in November and were defeated. Three months later, he was killed during the Battle of Mill Springs. (Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, vol. ) ditionally, Southern forces made a conscious effort to gain friends among the people and simultaneously undermine Knox County’s economic infrastructure when they took the county tax books.

The general estimated that his enemy had abandoned their camp and was on its way to meet him. 57 As the Union men were settling in for the evening at Camp Wildcat, a frantic young man rode up carrying a frightening tale. Detailed to a distant picket post, he and a few others were feeding their horses when they became involved in a skirmish with the Confederates. They quickly realized that the aggressors were not part of a small scout, but the head of the large column that had been expected for some time.

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