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By Fabrice Jotterand, Veljko Dubljevic

There's a growing to be literature in neuroethics facing cognitive neuroenhancement for fit adults. even though, discussions in this subject are likely to concentrate on summary theoretical positions whereas concrete coverage proposals and distinctive types are scarce. additionally, discussions seem to count exclusively on facts from the us or uk, and foreign views are often nonexistent. This volume Read more...

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Discussions on cognitive-neuroenhancement for fit adults are likely to specialize in theoretical positions whereas concrete coverage proposals and specified types are scarce. Read more...

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The ambivalence that these technologies trigger in us makes us especially bad at coming to a proper view of their merits and dangers. For this reason, I will suggest, we ought to avoid triggering this ambivalence rather than (as Parens suggests) embracing it. The profound ambivalence to which Parens points is a reflexive response to the new and the unfamiliar. Once a technology comes to be widely used, in fact, both reflexively generated attitudes fade. The familiar, with its all too accustomed powers and limitations, no longer holds out the promise of a novel transformation and no longer triggers optimistic fascination.

In brief, the fraud version of this concern makes praise reduction dependent on the presence of blame for intentional cheating, but yet intentional cheating is not the only way for athletes to get in trouble. And the unfair advantage version is not completely convincing because it focuses on the ethical implications of the violation of a rule of fairness, which opens it up to the counterobjection 32 L ess P raise that absent the ban, absent the cheating. If an unlevel playing field is the only ground for concern, then why not level the playing field by allowing everyone to enhance?

Sandel MJ. The Case Against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering. Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press; 2009. 14. Buchanan AE. Beyond Humanity: The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement. New York: Oxford University Press; 2011. 15. Levy N. Culture by nature. Philosoph Explor. 2011;14(3):237–​248. 16. Lampedusa G. The Leopard. London: Fontana; 1963. Lord CG, Ross L, Lepper MR. Biased assimilation and attitude polarization: The effects of prior theories on subsequently considered evidence.

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