By James B. Tubbs Jr. (auth.)
Contemporary discourse in biomedical ethics has been vastly formed, sustained and enriched throughout the insights and views provided through its theologian-contributors. This quantity examines the paintings of 4 Christian theologians who've considerably inspired the sector of bioethics within the united states: Richard McCormick, SJ; Paul Ramsey; Stanley Hauerwas; and James M. Gustafson. each one theorist's writings are explored in flip, on the way to elucidate, examine and distinction their foundational theological premises, their specific ways to ethical reasoning, and their thought of responses to chose medico-moral concerns. the ultimate bankruptcy displays a few of the author's personal serious responses in discussion with the study's 4 topics, and provides common feedback in regards to the ethical standpoint afforded via Christian theology.
This quantity may be of curiosity either to these looking a fuller figuring out of latest discussions in bioethics and to these learning Christian ethics within the glossy period.
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Additional info for Christian Theology and Medical Ethics: Four Contemporary Approaches
D. Broad in 1930 to provide a typology of theories of moral obligation. According to Broad, deontological theories (from the Greek deon, duty) "hold that there are ethical propositions of the form: 'Such and such a kind of action would always be right (or wrong) in such and such circumstances, no matter what its consequences might be. '" On the other hand, teleological theories (from the Greek telos, 'end' or 'goal') hold that "the rightness or wrongness of an action is always determined by its tendency to produce consequences which are intrinsically good or bad" (, p.
However, he also believes, on the basis of the natural law theory of values he has articulated, that a construction of the child's wishes should take into account more than simply the prospect of therapeutic benefit. A child would, he argues, generally choose the goods of self-preservation and health because he ought to; such choices are proportionate value choices. " And his answer is affirmative: To pursue the good that is human life means not only to choose and support this value in one's own case, but also in the case of others when the opportunity arises.
So McCormick parts company with those traditional categorizations of intrinsically evil actions which underlie the first condition of the double effect principle. Instead, he begins with another traditionallyaccepted distinction: physical evil vs. moral evil. , in self-defense, protection of the innocent, etc. A moral evil (or sin) is a physical evil perpetrated disproportionately or frivolously. , , ). 'Murder,' for instance, specifies not only an act of killing but also the circumstances, object, and intention in the act - all of which have already been adjudged "disproportionate" by the employment of the term 'murder' itself.