Download Chinese Firms and Technology in the Reform Era (Routledge by Yizheng Shi PDF

By Yizheng Shi

In chinese language enterprises and expertise within the Reform period, Yizheng Shi analyses the technological behaviour of country- owned organizations. specifically he indicates how they've got imported, utilised and assimilated overseas expertise into their operations. the writer argues that regardless of being granted extra autonomy and having to stand elevated pageant, chinese language enterprises are nonetheless now not stimulated to assimilate adequately imported expertise end result of the absence of good- delineated estate rights.

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Sample text

As a social unit, enterprises performed certain functions of a community or a government including political control as well as welfare provisions. Employees of state enterprises had a lifetime job and comprehensive, though relatively basic, welfare benefits such as housing, health care, education for their children and pensions from their working unit. However, they had little freedom to find alternative employment. Because capital and labour were strictly controlled by the government, enterprises had no decision making power over wages and investment.

From the quantity of resources invested in the activity, the size of the effort can be found. The measurement of the objectives of the recipient firms in undertaking technological activities evaluates the technological behaviour of firms based on their motivations, perception or objectives in carrying out technological activities. From this measurement, we can find the internal states of the firms in behaving in a certain manner. Nevertheless, because of the subjective nature of the measurement, the motivations of firms in technology transfer will be inferred from their goals in undertaking certain technological activities and from their selection criteria for choosing alternatives for a specific technological project.

Based on the analytical framework, the technological behaviour of the recipient firms in using imported technology can be measured along several dimensions, namely (1) the technological activities undertaken by the recipient firms, (2) the objectives of the recipient firms in undertaking these activities, (3) the factors affecting the decision of the recipient firms to commit their efforts to learn the imported technology, and (4) the ultimate performance of these technological activities. Technological activities, including technological import projects themselves and the follow-up technological activities, reflect the technological behaviour of the recipient firms in transferring foreign technology.

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