Download Black New Orleans, 1860-1880 by John W. Blassingame PDF

By John W. Blassingame

Reissued for the 1st time in over thirty years, Black New Orleans explores the twenty-year interval during which the city’s black inhabitants greater than doubled. Meticulously researched and replete with archival illustrations from newspapers and infrequent periodicals, John W. Blassingame’s groundbreaking heritage bargains a distinct examine the commercial and social lifetime of black humans in New Orleans in the course of Reconstruction. no longer a traditional political therapy, Blassingame’s background as an alternative emphasizes the academic, non secular, cultural, and fiscal actions of African americans in the course of the overdue 19th century. “Blending historic and sociological views, and drawing with ability and mind's eye upon quite a few assets, [Blassingame] bargains clean insights into an oft-studied interval of Southern background. . . .  In either time and position the writer has selected an awfully revealing vantage element from which to view his subject. ”—Neil R. McMillen, American historic assessment

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The Negro soldiers were also subjected to unusually severe punishment for slight offenses. 48 The Negro officers of the Native Guards bore the brunt of the hatred against blacks in the Union army. The epaulets they wore on their shoulders smacked too much of equality, with all of the dire consequences such a condition entailed in the eyes of white soldiers and officers. " The Negro officers of the Third Louisiana Native Guards stated that they were treated with contempt by their fellow white officers who considered it "an insult" to be addressed by a Negro officer.

28 Whatever the reasons for the apparent support of the rebel cause among free Negroes at the beginning of the war, almost all of them expressed unionist sentiment after Butler's troops occupied the city. ' " Negroes cheered Union troops as they marched through the city, and presented flags to some of the regiments. 29 One way the Negro demonstrated his support for the federal government was by enlisting in the army and fighting to preserve the Union. At first this was impossible because Union officers refused to accept Negro troops.

Benevolent associations, churches, and schools helped to knit the black community together, create a leadership class, foster an awareness of social problems, and promote racial uplift. Among the most important of the institutions serving the community was the school. The significance which blacks placed on education is indicated by the 1,000 free Negroes attending private schools in Orleans parish in 1850 and the 336 of them attending three schools in 1860. In the latter year, 5 teachers taught students who paid a total of $1,244 in tuition annually.

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