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By Marie Meulders-Klein

This quantity examines the impression of advances in genetics and assisted copy applied sciences on kinfolk legislation, human rights and the rights of the kid, together with the results of foreign treaties on nationwide laws. It surveys the theoretical, moral and felony discussions in regards to biotechnology and family members legislations matters and the hunt for a stability among safeguarding admire for human rights and primary freedoms and the necessity to confirm freedom of analysis. despite the fact that, biotechnology impinges not just on remoted contributors and their rights, but additionally on unborn youngsters, the family members as a community of dwelling relationships and the elemental constitution of any society, in addition to the root of parentage and kinship, social association as an entire and, eventually, mankind itself. because the consciousness of the realm turns to cloning, this booklet contributes to the quest for a stability among the rights and freedoms of born and but to be born people and the search for brand new applied sciences.

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5 Les expertises sont nécessaires, mais leur statut mérite clarté. C'est à la condition de refuser que la science dicte le droit que le juriste peut oeuvrer, à la place que la longue histoire des sociétés européennes ont spécifiée pour lui. Celle d'un interpréte, pour chacun en particulier et pour la collectivité de ces particuliers, des mécanismes institutionnels destinés à produire de la normativité ; celle d'un mémorialiste de ce qui fait loi pour 1'homme, d'un répétiteur du possible et de I'interdit.

Dans la mesure où, pour reprendre une formule récente de Pierre Legendre, 'I'idée du droit dépend de I'idée que nos sociétés se font de la notion 5 20 Cf. P. Legendre, Sur la question dogmatique en Occident, Paris, Fayard, 1999, p. 193 sq. 6 Avec l'avénement des démocraties modernes, le juriste est devenu l'interpréte de cette version nouvelle de la dignitas romaine et du ius gentium que constitue la philosophie des droits de l'homme. De sa capacité de mettre en coherence cette 'idée du droit et de la vie' avec, d'une part, le caractère irreversible de l'innovation technique et, d'autre part, la logique qui transforme la parenté en espace de libre échange de services et de marchandises semble dépendre non seulement le destin particulier des rapports entre parents et enfants, et la place de ceux-ci dans l'agencement des rapports humains en général, mais aussi la vitalité même du droit comme vecteur d' organisation sociale et, audelà, le destin de la notion de loi et le futur de l'interdit.

Histoire d'une polémique", Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, 1998, 25, pp. 63-73, et, du même, "L"illusion anthropologique : homosexualité et filiation", Témoin, 1998, 12, pp. 43-56 ; voir également M. Strathern, Reproducing the Future: Anthropology, Kinship and the New Reproductive Technologies, 1993, Manchester, Manchester University Press. Aspects anthropologiques, philosophiques et éthiques differences nationales et régionales. L'un des problèmes majeurs qu'il s'agit d'affronter réside dans la mutation decisive introduite par la survenue des biomédecines dans la nature sociologique de la parenté et les conditions de la pensée sur le sujet.

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