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By Andrea C. Nakaya

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Researchers believe this is an important step toward being able to grow replacement tissues or organs that are specifically matched to patients. If researchers can do this, they could alleviate the suffering of millions of people. Taking stem cells from an embryo results in the destruction of the embryo; however, the enormous potential demonstrated by Mitalipov’s and others’ research proves embryonic stem cell research to be ethical. Enormous Potential In addition to being able to create replacement organs and tissue, researchers believe, embryonic stem cells also have the potential to cure many different diseases.

Can you think of any possible harm that might result from allowing people to be paid for donating organs? Explain. 3. How strong is the argument that allowing financial compensation for organs would reduce the black market? Explain. Editor’s note: The discussion that follows presents common arguments made in support of this perspective, reinforced by facts, quotes, and examples taken from various sources. Eleven-year-old Sarah Murnaghan was born with cystic fibrosis, and the disease eventually destroyed her lungs—meaning that without a new pair, she would die.

The potential harms of such a situation, to both parents and the child, are innumerable. Prenatal Testing and Disabilities Although the Simpsons used genetic testing for sex selection, it can also be used to detect abnormalities such as Down syndrome or spina bifida in the fetus. Having this information before birth allows people to make decisions about continuing the pregnancy or undergoing an abortion. Research shows that the number of babies born with these disabilities is decreasing, thanks in large part to prenatal genetic testing.

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