By Laurence Schneider
Utilizing the sector of genetics as a case examine, this booklet follows the bothered improvement of recent common technological know-how in China from the Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via unique graphics of key scientists and associations, easy dilemmas are explored: the best way to keep an eye on nature with technology, the right way to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, how one can get scientists out from lower than regulate of ideology and the kingdom. utilizing the sphere of genetics as a case examine, this e-book follows the stricken improvement of contemporary typical technological know-how in China from the Nineteen Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via specific photographs of key scientists and associations, uncomplicated dilemmas are explored: how one can keep an eye on nature with technological know-how, find out how to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, the right way to get scientists out from less than keep an eye on of ideology and the nation.
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Extra resources for Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (Asia Pacific Perspectives)
The latter program was administered by a self-perpetuating board of Chinese and American directors, independent of the Chinese and American governments. In accordance with its original constitution, the board was composed of a majority of Chinese, many of whom were prominent educators and scientists. Though it may have been coincidental, it was nonetheless helpful for the 28 Prologue development of genetics that one of its practitioners sat on the board or presided over it throughout the 1930s, the foundation’s most active period.
18 Introduction I am suggesting that one can see in Great Leap Forward utopianism the legacy of Kropotkin’s anarchism as well, though one would not expect Mao to cite an anarchist authority to legitimate his political idiosyncrasies. It is fhrther worth noting that Marx’s passage cited here virtually exhausts his utopian vision on the subject and that it was only available to Chinese readers years after the writings of Kropotkin and other anarchists were available in translation. Rather than say that Great Leap Forward utopianism was derived from classical Marxist sources, perhaps it would be more accurate to say that those canonical sources were cited to legitimize a position influenced much earlier by utopian socialistkinarchist literature in China.
H. Morgan was based at Columbia. The record does not reveal whether Chen actually studied with Morgan; however, Chen’s early teaching and research do show that he was well trained in Morgan’s work. ”’~ Chen Zhen’s teaching and research were guided by a number of key points made by these books. ”** In his pioneering genetics course at National Central, Chen assigned Morgan’s The Physical Basis of Heredity as one of the two textbooks. The other was the 1918 E. B. Babcock and R. E. Clausen, Genetics in Relation to Agriculture, a hefty and solid introduction to classical genetics and its practical applications.