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By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives, Charles W. Wessner

Lots of the coverage dialogue approximately stimulating innovation has considering the federal point. This research specializes in the numerous job on the nation point, with the aim of bettering the public's figuring out of key coverage ideas and exemplary practices. in line with a sequence of workshops and meetings that introduced jointly policymakers besides leaders of and academia in a pick out variety of states, the examine highlights a wealthy number of coverage tasks underway on the nation and nearby point to foster wisdom established development and employment. possibly what distinguishes this attempt on the country point is so much of all of the excessive measure of pragmatism. working out of necessity, innovation regulations on the country point usually contain benefiting from present assets and recombining them in new methods, forging leading edge partnerships between universities, and govt corporations, transforming into the ability base, and making an investment within the infrastructure to improve new applied sciences and new industries. lots of those tasks are being guided via leaders from the non-public quarter and universities.

The aim of Best Practices in country and local Innovation tasks: Competing within the twenty first Century is to not do an empirical overview of the inputs and outputs of varied country courses. neither is it to guage which courses are stronger. certainly, the various extraordinary successes, resembling the Albany nanotechnology cluster, characterize a bounce of management, funding, and sustained dedication that has had amazing ends up in an that's actively pursued by means of many nations. The study's aim is to demonstrate the ways taken via numerous hugely assorted states as they confront the expanding demanding situations of world festival for the industries and jobs of at the present time and the next day to come.

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Extra resources for Best Practices in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives: Competing in the 21st Century

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At the state level, however, the perspective toward economic development is much different, with policy actors relatively unconstrained by 1 See Nikolaos Karagiannis and Zagros Madjd-Sadjadi, “A New Economic Strategy for the USA: A Framework of Alternative Development Notions,” Forum for Social Economics 41(2-3), 2012. 2 This is a long held perspective. See, for example the review by Otto Eckstein, “Federal expenditure policy for economic growth,” The Journal of Finance 17, 1962. S. S. farmers have benefitted from price supports, research and development assistance, import protection, low interest financing, and export subsidies.

5 million. 3 billion allocated in the 2010 S&T Plan, Singapore’s technology agency mission is to conduct research and strengthen the base of scientific talent to support the development of the key industry clusters, including those in the biomedical sciences, chemicals, electronics, information and communications technologies, and engineering. A*STAR 21 For a history of the organization, see, 60 Years of Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Munich: FraunhoferGesellschaft, 2009. pd f>. 22 House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, Technology and Innovation Centres.

For more discussion on cooperative research centers, see Chapter 3 31 “Timken, UA Launch Venture—‘Open Innovation’ Partnership Allows University Students to Develop New Applications of Core Technology,” Akron Beacon Journal, October 20, 2012. For more discussion of the role that companies play, see Chapter 6. 32 This reflects a change from an earlier focus on a negative-sum pursuit for relocating established businesses to a competition for scientific and business talents. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

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