By Sisira Jayasuriya, Peter McCawley, Bhanupong Nidhiprabha, Budy P. Resosudarmo, Dushmi Weerakoon
The 2004 Asian tsunami was once the best typical catastrophe in recent years. nearly 230000 humans died. In reaction, governments in Asia and the wider foreign group introduced huge relief courses. The ensuing counsel attempt was once one of many biggest humanitarian courses ever geared up within the constructing global. This booklet discusses the teachings of the help attempt for catastrophe security coverage in constructing nations. How potent was once the help? What classes will be learnt approximately the right way to reply while failures strike in bad nations? This insightful e-book addresses those questions drawing on 3 subject matters of present improvement coverage: foreign relief coverage; human safeguard and the bad; and ways to catastrophe possibility relief. an important lesson is the necessity to 'go neighborhood' in increase resilience on the grassroots point in bad international locations in Asia. different classes contain the necessity for higher cooperation among the overseas neighborhood and native and nationwide firms, in addition to the necessity to make sure that enough investment is supplied to aid catastrophe defense and post-disaster restoration courses whereas making an allowance for fee inflation linked to large-scale reconstruction efforts. This research attracts at the perspectives of neighborhood individuals from the international locations most influenced through the catastrophe. Analysts and directors serious about catastrophe reaction actions from overseas agencies, NGOs and nationwide governments will locate this a different and significant source for his or her ahead making plans. The publication also will turn out to be worthwhile for lecturers and scholars learning catastrophe administration and human safeguard, overseas reduction coverage, diplomacy, and Asian monetary matters.
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Extra info for Asian Tsunami: Aid and Reconstruction After a Disaster
However, the global aid industry has found it much harder to ensure that international aid activities, including humanitarian aid activities, are sustainable in the broad sense of remaining viable once donor support stops. When responding to megadisasters such as the Asian tsunami, the international donor community tends to focus on priorities such as supplying consumable items needed for immediate use or large-scale housing or infrastructure projects. indd 27 7/10/10 15:38:29 28 The Asian tsunami is not always the case that the broader issues of long-term sustainability receive attention within these types of programs.
2003). See the extensive discussion of difficulties of this kind in implementing policy in Indonesia in Triutomo (2008). The Roman god Janus was usually depicted as having two faces looking in opposite directions. He was the god of gates, doors and beginnings and endings, and thus looked in each way at once. id/RAND/, accessed 16 September 2009. sid=1&id=1&pid=1, accessed 16 September 2009. indd 36 7/10/10 15:38:30 Response to disaster: issues 11. 12. 13. 14. 37 activities and which should therefore be mainstreamed into the delivery of assistance whenever possible.
But in practice, real policy is influenced by other important considerations as well. Indeed, the mix of factors that influences donor policy, including decisions as to when and how to provide humanitarian aid, is complex. As a report prepared by the Tsunami Evaluation Coalition (TEC) noted, aid agencies are generally accountable to three main groups of stakeholders (Cosgrave 2007: 23): ● ● ● The donor public, the media and taxpayers (which involves ‘upward’ accountability) Other agencies or the common standards agreed by agencies (‘lateral’ accountability) The affected populations (‘downward’ accountability).