By W. R. Lethaby
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Additional info for Architecture: Introduction to the History and Theory of the Art of Building
Been In Egypt from the earliest time it had been customary to bury gifts with the dead and to make In the pyramid age the offerings at their tombs. tombs was regularly endowed and each pyramid had a temple attached to it. The gods had shrines from the first dynasties or service of the royal even earlier. In the British Museum is the in- scribed part of the fourth-dynasty tomb of a priest of the gods Seker and Tet, overseer of the works in the palaces and temples. Foundations of a temple of the first dynasties have been discovered at Abydos.
The slope was an angle of 4 to i. Accuracy of form was so much desired that walls of L shape were built outside each corner and on these the slope of the tomb was carefully marked with a red line. Here and elsewhere, the several dimensions of a work were set out with a big standard of measure EGYPTIAN BUILDING so as to avoid fractional parts. This, indeed, seems to have been the substance of the idea : all the parts were to be of known dimensions ; there were The dimensions of to be no accidental quantities.
At Sakkara, terrace was piled on terrace ; at Meydum and the Great Pyramid the finished angle was nearly 52. The ideal pyramid, as depicted in the hieroglyphs, was very acute from the earliest time. Obviously, in a progression from the pyramid of Sakkara to the Second Pyramid at Gizeh, which rises at an angle of over 53, the angle approximately giving the ratio of the radius to the circumference of a circle might be reached accidentally. The general angle of the Sakkara pyramid, which would include the terraces, is about 49 Meydum and the Great the Second Pyramid, 53 10' Pyramid, 51 52' ; ; ; Dahsur, steep part at bottom, 55, flatter part at The slope of nearly 52 must have been top, 45.