By Ato Kwamena Onoma
Utilizing comparative instances from Guinea, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, this examine explains why a few refugee-hosting groups release large-scale assaults on civilian refugees whereas others chorus from such assaults even if inspired to take action via kingdom officers. Ato Kwamena Onoma argues that those assaults occur the place governments instigate them as a result of hyperlinks among a number of refugees and significant competition teams within the host state. there's an expanding tendency for students to target militarized refugees and think about refugees as propagators, rather than sufferers, of violence. Onoma reorients the learn of refugees again to a spotlight at the disempowered civilian refugees that represent the vast majority of refugees even in circumstances of critical refugee militarization, and provides feedback for broader figuring out of and coverage ideas for refugee politics and violence.
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Additional resources for Anti-Refugee Violence and African Politics
The issue of ‘trust’ or ‘mistrust’ in research with refugees: choices, caveats and considerations for researchers,” New Issues in Refugee Research No. 98 (November 2003). ” My own work in Guinea and Ghana revealed evidence of many locals posing as refugees to accrue benefits that were otherwise reserved for refugees. Both refugees and locals admitted to this. ” Introduction 23 agencies and is done to accrue benefits. Ethnographic immersion can contribute to convincing research subjects that the researcher is not a humanitarian worker.
50 An old refugee leader was undressed, doused with cold water in public, and then jailed because someone who went 50 Research No. 90 (June 2003) for some thoughts on ethical and methodological issues in refugee research. Interview with a former refugee in Nyandehun village, Penguia Chiefdom, Sierra Leone (MRB 282), September 14, 2009. 51 Even in the absence of physical violence, refugees’ lives were often marked by the abuse of their rights on a routine basis. Prearranged wages often went unpaid after refugees had completed jobs given them by locals.
Zartman, “Portuguese Guinean refugees,” 144. Jeffrey Herbst, States and power in Africa: comparative lessons in authority and control (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000). I witnessed this during my research in Ghana, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Uganda, and Rwanda for this work. Also see Inhetveen, “‘Because we are refugees,’” 7. Harrell-Bond, Imposing aid, p. 1. Also see Gaim Kibreab, “Local settlements in Africa: a misconceived option,” Journal of Refugee Studies 2, No. 4 (1989): 471.