By Ruth M. Stone
Explores key subject matters in African tune that experience emerged in contemporary years-a topic often overlooked in country-by-country coverage
emphasizes the contexts of musical performance-unlike stories that supply static interpretations remoted from different appearing traditions
presents the clean insights and analyses of musicologists and anthropologists of various nationwide origins-African, Asian, eu, and American
Charts the stream and effect of musicThe Encyclopedia also charts the musical interchanges that the circulation of individuals and ideas around the continent, together with:
cross-regional musical affects all through Africa
* Islam and its impact on African song
* unfold of guitar tune
* Kru mariners of Liberia
* Latin American affects on African song
* musical interchanges in neighborhood contexts
* crossovers among renowned and standard practices. Audio CD incorporated.
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Additional info for Africa (Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 1)
3% of the world area. Spray off California nearly doubled rainfall in the droughtstricken region of central Australia and caused a smaller increase in the Southern part of the Amazon basin. Spray off Peru increased rain in Brazil but reduced it in Argentina. But spray off Namibia produced a reduction of about 320 mm a year over most of the Amazon basin which could be partly offset by spray from the Pacific sites. The spray was applied through the year rather than in any way related to the monsoon phase or wind direction and was confined to the small areas, which would probably not be realistic.
Other workers  have used treatment over much wider areas and have not observed similar effects. In particular, Bala  has found the net effect for the Indian subcontinent of widespread long-term cloud albedo control was slightly lower precipitation but a slightly greater run off from the Indian subcontinent because of slower evaporation of ground water in lower temperatures. Another result from  is that cloud albedo control carried out well away from the Arctic can reduce the rate of Arctic ice loss and so might prevent an irreversible tipping point.
J Aerosol Sci 27(3):467–475. 1016/0021-8502(95)00556-0 71. Mills MJ, Toon OB, Turco RP, Kinnison DE, Garcia RR (2008) Massive global ozone loss predicted following regional nuclear conflict. Proc Natl Acad Sci 105(14):5307–5312. 0710058105 72. CDC (1999) Elemental carbon (diesel particulate): Method 5040, Issue 3 (Interim), National Institute for Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In: NIOSH manual of analytical methods, 4th rev. , 5 pp. pdf. Accessed 30 Oct 2011 73. Vogelmann AM, Robock A, Ellingson RG (1988) Effects of dirty snow in nuclear winter simulations.