By John Middleton
Offering a accomplished examine the continent of Africa and the nations that include it, this e-book describes its peoples and cultures, track and paintings, alternate and economic system, vacation trips and gala's, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its historical past, paintings and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.
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Extra info for Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Leakey - Rwanda
Western Africa. Apart from a few early novels, the rise of francophone literature can be traced to the NEGRITUDE movement of the 1930s. Negritude developed into the French colonies in the Caribbean as a revolutionary celebration of black African heritage and a reaction to French 24 africa_vol3 1/14/03 11:45 AM Page 25 Literature * oppression of authority unjust or cruel exercise colonial policies. The movement spread to Paris, where it was adopted by African students such as Léopold SENGHOR and Alioune DIOP of SENEGAL.
The story originally appeared in Arabic, which may mean that Ethiopian writers once used Arabic as well as Ge’ez. The most productive author of traditional Ethiopian literature was the emperor ZARA YA’IQOB, who ruled from 1434 to 1468. He wrote many stories about miracles involving the Virgin Mary, as well as religious essays, prayer books, and hymn books. But by the end of the 1500s, civil wars and a Muslim invasion brought literary activity to an almost complete halt. In response to these pressures, Ethiopian rulers moved their capital to the city of Gondar, where literature enjoyed another revival.
Only partially successful, he failed to create an efficient central administration on which to build a united NIGERIA. After retiring in 1919, Lugard continued working on matters related to Africa. As British representative to a commission on colonial affairs 31 africa_vol3 1/14/03 11:46 AM Page 32 Lugard, Frederick John Dealtry * League of Nations organization founded to promote international peace and security; it functioned from 1920 to 1946 * exploitation relationship in which one side benefits at the other’s expense Lumumba, Lumumba, Patrice Patrice Emery Emery 1925–1961 Congolese political leader * nationalism devotion to the interests and culture of one’s country * secession formal withdrawal from an organization or country * Soviet Union nation that existed from 1922 to 1991, made up of Russia and 14 other republics 32 with the League of Nations*, he dealt with issues related to slavery and African labor.